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00001 """Message storage."""

import time
import itertools
import logging
import os

from landscape.lib import bpickle
from landscape.lib.monitor import Monitor
from landscape import API

HELD = "h"
BROKEN = "b"

00017 class MessageStore(object):
    """A message store which stores its messages in a file system hierarchy.

    The sequencing system we use in the message store may be quite
    confusing if you haven't looked at it in the last 10 minutes.  For
    that reason, let's review the terminology here.

    Assume we have 10 messages in the store, which we label by
    the following uppercase letters:

        A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J

    Let's say that the next message we should send to the server is D.
    What we call "pending offset" is the displacement from the first
    message, which in our example above would be 3.  What we call
    "sequence" is the number that the server expects us to label message
    D as.  It could be pretty much any natural number, depending on the
    history of our exchanges with the server.  What we call "server
    sequence", is the next message number expected by the *client* itself,
    and is entirely unrelated to the stored messages.

    api = API

    def __init__(self, persist, directory, directory_size=1000,
                 monitor_interval=60*60, get_time=time.time):
        self._get_time = get_time
        self._directory = directory
        self._directory_size = directory_size
        self._schemas = {}
        self._original_persist = persist
        self._persist = persist.root_at("message-store")
        message_dir = self._message_dir()
        if not os.path.isdir(message_dir):

00054     def commit(self):
        """Save metadata to disk."""

00058     def set_accepted_types(self, types):
        """Specify the types of messages that the server will expect from us.

        If messages are added to the store which are not currently
        accepted, they will be saved but ignored until their type is
        assert type(types) in (tuple, list, set)
        self._persist.set("accepted-types", sorted(set(types)))

    def get_accepted_types(self):
        return self._persist.get("accepted-types", ())

    def accepts(self, type):
        return type in self.get_accepted_types()

00075     def get_sequence(self):
        Get the sequence number of the message that the server expects us to
        send on the next exchange.
        return self._persist.get("sequence", 0)

00082     def set_sequence(self, number):
        Set the sequence number of the message that the server expects us to
        send on the next exchange.
        self._persist.set("sequence", number)

00089     def get_server_sequence(self):
        Get the sequence number of the message that we will ask the server to
        send to us on the next exchange.
        return self._persist.get("server_sequence", 0)

00096     def set_server_sequence(self, number):
        Set the sequence number of the message that we will ask the server to
        send to us on the next exchange.
        self._persist.set("server_sequence", number)

    def get_pending_offset(self):
        return self._persist.get("pending_offset", 0)

00106     def set_pending_offset(self, val):
        Set the offset into the message pool to consider assigned to the
        current sequence number as returned by l{get_sequence}.
        self._persist.set("pending_offset", val)

    def add_pending_offset(self, val):
        self.set_pending_offset(self.get_pending_offset() + val)

00116     def count_pending_messages(self):
        """Return the number of pending messages."""
        return sum(1 for x in self._walk_pending_messages())

00120     def get_pending_messages(self, max=None):
        """Get any pending messages that aren't being held, up to max."""
        accepted_types = self.get_accepted_types()
        messages = []
        for filename in self._walk_pending_messages():
            if max is not None and len(messages) >= max:
            data = self._get_content(self._message_dir(filename))
                message = bpickle.loads(data)
            except ValueError, e:
                self._add_flags(filename, BROKEN)
                if message["type"] not in accepted_types:
                    self._add_flags(filename, HELD)
        return messages

00140     def delete_old_messages(self):
        """Delete messages which are unlikely to be needed in the future."""
        filenames = self._get_sorted_filenames()
        for fn in itertools.islice(self._walk_messages(exclude=HELD+BROKEN),
            containing_dir = os.path.split(fn)[0]
            if not os.listdir(containing_dir):

00150     def delete_all_messages(self):
        """Remove ALL stored messages."""
        for filename in self._walk_messages():

00156     def add_schema(self, schema):
        """Add a schema to be applied to messages of the given type.

        The schema must be an instance of L{landscape.schema.Message}.
        self._schemas[schema.type] = schema

00163     def is_pending(self, message_id):
        """Return bool indicating if C{message_id} still hasn't been delivered.

        @param message_id: Identifier returned by the L{add()} method.
        i = 0
        pending_offset = self.get_pending_offset()
        for filename in self._walk_messages(exclude=BROKEN):
            flags = self._get_flags(filename)
            if ((HELD in flags or i >= pending_offset) and
                os.stat(filename).st_ino == message_id):
                return True
            if BROKEN not in flags and HELD not in flags:
                i += 1
        return False

00179     def add(self, message):
        """Queue a message for delivery.
        @return: message_id, which is an identifier for the added message.
        assert "type" in message
        message = self._schemas[message["type"]].coerce(message)

        if "api" not in message:
            message["api"] = self.api

        message_data = bpickle.dumps(message)

        filename = self._get_next_message_filename()

        file = open(filename + ".tmp", "w")
        os.rename(filename + ".tmp", filename)

        if not self.accepts(message["type"]):
            filename = self._set_flags(filename, HELD)

        # For now we use the inode as the message id, as it will work
        # correctly even faced with holding/unholding.  It will break
        # if the store is copied over for some reason, but this shouldn't
        # present an issue given the current uses.  In the future we
        # should have a nice transactional storage (e.g. sqlite) which
        # will offer a more strong primary key.
        message_id = os.stat(filename).st_ino

        return message_id

    def _get_next_message_filename(self):
        message_dirs = self._get_sorted_filenames()
        if message_dirs:
            newest_dir = message_dirs[-1]
            newest_dir = "0"

        message_filenames = self._get_sorted_filenames(newest_dir)
        if not message_filenames:
            filename = self._message_dir(newest_dir, "0")
        elif len(message_filenames) < self._directory_size:
            filename = str(int(message_filenames[-1].split("_")[0]) + 1)
            filename = self._message_dir(newest_dir, filename)
            newest_dir = self._message_dir(str(int(newest_dir) + 1))
            filename = os.path.join(newest_dir, "0")

        return filename

00233     def _walk_pending_messages(self):
        """Walk the files which are definitely pending."""
        pending_offset = self.get_pending_offset()
        for i, filename in enumerate(self._walk_messages(exclude=HELD+BROKEN)):
            if i >= pending_offset:
                yield filename

    def _walk_messages(self, exclude=None):
        if exclude:
            exclude = set(exclude)
        message_dirs = self._get_sorted_filenames()
        for message_dir in message_dirs:
            for filename in self._get_sorted_filenames(message_dir):
                flags = set(self._get_flags(filename))
                if (not exclude or not exclude & flags):
                    yield self._message_dir(message_dir, filename)

    def _get_sorted_filenames(self, dir=""):
        message_files = [x for x in os.listdir(self._message_dir(dir))
                         if not x.endswith(".tmp")]
        message_files.sort(key=lambda x: int(x.split("_")[0]))
        return message_files

    def _message_dir(self, *args):
        return os.path.join(self._directory, *args)

    def _get_content(self, filename):
        file = open(filename)
            return file.read()

00266     def _reprocess_holding(self):
        Unhold accepted messages left behind, and hold unaccepted
        pending messages.
        offset = 0
        pending_offset = self.get_pending_offset()
        accepted_types = self.get_accepted_types()
        for old_filename in self._walk_messages():
            flags = self._get_flags(old_filename)
                message = bpickle.loads(self._get_content(old_filename))
            except ValueError, e:
                if HELD not in flags:
                    offset += 1
                accepted = message["type"] in accepted_types
                if HELD in flags:
                    if accepted:
                        new_filename = self._get_next_message_filename()
                        os.rename(old_filename, new_filename)
                        self._set_flags(new_filename, set(flags)-set(HELD))
                    if not accepted and offset >= pending_offset:
                        self._set_flags(old_filename, set(flags)|set(HELD))
                    offset += 1

    def _get_flags(self, path):
        basename = os.path.basename(path)
        if "_" in basename:
            return basename.split("_")[1]
        return ""

    def _set_flags(self, path, flags):
        dirname, basename = os.path.split(path)
        new_path = os.path.join(dirname, basename.split("_")[0])
        if flags:
            new_path += "_"+"".join(sorted(set(flags)))
        os.rename(path, new_path)
        return new_path

    def _add_flags(self, path, flags):
        self._set_flags(path, self._get_flags(path)+flags)

00312 def get_default_message_store(*args, **kwargs):
    """Get a L{MessageStore} object with all Landscape message schemas added."""
    from landscape. message_schemas import message_schemas
    store = MessageStore(*args, **kwargs)
    for schema in message_schemas.values():
    return store

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