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subunit.py

#
#  subunit: extensions to python unittest to get test results from subprocesses.
#  Copyright (C) 2005  Robert Collins <robertc@robertcollins.net>
#
#  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
#  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
#  (at your option) any later version.
#
#  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#  GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
#  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
#

import os
from StringIO import StringIO
import subprocess
import sys
import unittest

def test_suite():
    import subunit.tests
    return subunit.tests.test_suite()


def join_dir(base_path, path):
    """
    Returns an absolute path to C{path}, calculated relative to the parent
    of C{base_path}.

    @param base_path: A path to a file or directory.
    @param path: An absolute path, or a path relative to the containing
    directory of C{base_path}.

    @return: An absolute path to C{path}.
    """
    return os.path.join(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(base_path)), path)


00045 class TestProtocolServer(object):
    """A class for receiving results from a TestProtocol client."""

    OUTSIDE_TEST = 0
    TEST_STARTED = 1
    READING_FAILURE = 2
    READING_ERROR = 3

00053     def __init__(self, client, stream=sys.stdout):
        """Create a TestProtocol server instance.

        client should be an object that provides
         - startTest
         - addSuccess
         - addFailure
         - addError
         - stopTest
        methods, i.e. a TestResult.
        """
        self.state = TestProtocolServer.OUTSIDE_TEST
        self.client = client
        self._stream = stream

    def _addError(self, offset, line):
        if (self.state == TestProtocolServer.TEST_STARTED and
            self.current_test_description == line[offset:-1]):
            self.state = TestProtocolServer.OUTSIDE_TEST
            self.current_test_description = None
            self.client.addError(self._current_test, RemoteError(""))
            self.client.stopTest(self._current_test)
            self._current_test = None
        elif (self.state == TestProtocolServer.TEST_STARTED and
            self.current_test_description + " [" == line[offset:-1]):
            self.state = TestProtocolServer.READING_ERROR
            self._message = ""
        else:
            self.stdOutLineReceived(line)

    def _addFailure(self, offset, line):
        if (self.state == TestProtocolServer.TEST_STARTED and
            self.current_test_description == line[offset:-1]):
            self.state = TestProtocolServer.OUTSIDE_TEST
            self.current_test_description = None
            self.client.addFailure(self._current_test, RemoteError())
            self.client.stopTest(self._current_test)
        elif (self.state == TestProtocolServer.TEST_STARTED and
            self.current_test_description + " [" == line[offset:-1]):
            self.state = TestProtocolServer.READING_FAILURE
            self._message = ""
        else:
            self.stdOutLineReceived(line)

    def _addSuccess(self, offset, line):
        if (self.state == TestProtocolServer.TEST_STARTED and
            self.current_test_description == line[offset:-1]):
            self.client.addSuccess(self._current_test)
            self.client.stopTest(self._current_test)
            self.current_test_description = None
            self._current_test = None
            self.state = TestProtocolServer.OUTSIDE_TEST
        else:
            self.stdOutLineReceived(line)

    def _appendMessage(self, line):
        if line[0:2] == " ]":
            # quoted ] start
            self._message += line[1:]
        else:
            self._message += line

    def endQuote(self, line):
        if self.state == TestProtocolServer.READING_FAILURE:
            self.state = TestProtocolServer.OUTSIDE_TEST
            self.current_test_description = None
            self.client.addFailure(self._current_test,
                                   RemoteError(self._message))
            self.client.stopTest(self._current_test)
        elif self.state == TestProtocolServer.READING_ERROR:
            self.state = TestProtocolServer.OUTSIDE_TEST
            self.current_test_description = None
            self.client.addError(self._current_test,
                                 RemoteError(self._message))
            self.client.stopTest(self._current_test)
        else:
            self.stdOutLineReceived(line)

00131     def lineReceived(self, line):
        """Call the appropriate local method for the received line."""
        if line == "]\n":
            self.endQuote(line)
        elif (self.state == TestProtocolServer.READING_FAILURE or
              self.state == TestProtocolServer.READING_ERROR):
            self._appendMessage(line)
        else:
            parts = line.split(None, 1)
            if len(parts) == 2:
                cmd, rest = parts
                offset = len(cmd) + 1
                cmd = cmd.strip(':')
                if cmd in ('test', 'testing'):
                    self._startTest(offset, line)
                elif cmd == 'error':
                    self._addError(offset, line)
                elif cmd == 'failure':
                    self._addFailure(offset, line)
                elif cmd in ('success', 'successful'):
                    self._addSuccess(offset, line)
                else:
                    self.stdOutLineReceived(line)
            else:
                self.stdOutLineReceived(line)

00157     def lostConnection(self):
        """The input connection has finished."""
        if self.state == TestProtocolServer.TEST_STARTED:
            self.client.addError(self._current_test,
                                 RemoteError("lost connection during test '%s'"
                                             % self.current_test_description))
            self.client.stopTest(self._current_test)
        elif self.state == TestProtocolServer.READING_ERROR:
            self.client.addError(self._current_test,
                                 RemoteError("lost connection during "
                                             "error report of test "
                                             "'%s'" %
                                             self.current_test_description))
            self.client.stopTest(self._current_test)
        elif self.state == TestProtocolServer.READING_FAILURE:
            self.client.addError(self._current_test,
                                 RemoteError("lost connection during "
                                             "failure report of test "
                                             "'%s'" %
                                             self.current_test_description))
            self.client.stopTest(self._current_test)

    def readFrom(self, pipe):
        for line in pipe.readlines():
            self.lineReceived(line)
        self.lostConnection()

00184     def _startTest(self, offset, line):
        """Internal call to change state machine. Override startTest()."""
        if self.state == TestProtocolServer.OUTSIDE_TEST:
            self.state = TestProtocolServer.TEST_STARTED
            self._current_test = RemotedTestCase(line[offset:-1])
            self.current_test_description = line[offset:-1]
            self.client.startTest(self._current_test)
        else:
            self.stdOutLineReceived(line)

    def stdOutLineReceived(self, line):
        self._stream.write(line)


00198 class RemoteException(Exception):
    """An exception that occured remotely to python."""

    def __eq__(self, other):
        try:
            return self.args == other.args
        except AttributeError:
            return False


00208 class TestProtocolClient(unittest.TestResult):
    """A class that looks like a TestResult and informs a TestProtocolServer."""

    def __init__(self, stream):
        unittest.TestResult.__init__(self)
        self._stream = stream

00215     def addError(self, test, error):
        """Report an error in test test."""
        self._stream.write("error: %s [\n" % test.shortDescription())
        for line in self._exc_info_to_string(error, test).splitlines():
            self._stream.write("%s\n" % line)
        self._stream.write("]\n")

00222     def addFailure(self, test, error):
        """Report a failure in test test."""
        self._stream.write("failure: %s [\n" % test.shortDescription())
        for line in self._exc_info_to_string(error, test).splitlines():
            self._stream.write("%s\n" % line)
        self._stream.write("]\n")

00229     def addSuccess(self, test):
        """Report a success in a test."""
        self._stream.write("successful: %s\n" % test.shortDescription())

00233     def startTest(self, test):
        """Mark a test as starting its test run."""
        self._stream.write("test: %s\n" % test.shortDescription())


def RemoteError(description=""):
    if description == "":
        description = "\n"
    return (RemoteException, RemoteException(description), None)


00244 class RemotedTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
    """A class to represent test cases run in child processes."""

    def __eq__ (self, other):
        try:
            return self.__description == other.__description
        except AttributeError:
            return False

00253     def __init__(self, description):
        """Create a psuedo test case with description description."""
        self.__description = description

    def error(self, label):
        raise NotImplementedError("%s on RemotedTestCases is not permitted." %
            label)

    def setUp(self):
        self.error("setUp")

    def tearDown(self):
        self.error("tearDown")

    def shortDescription(self):
        return self.__description

    def id(self):
        return "%s.%s" % (self._strclass(), self.__description)

    def __str__(self):
        return "%s (%s)" % (self.__description, self._strclass())

    def __repr__(self):
        return "<%s description='%s'>" % \
               (self._strclass(), self.__description)

    def run(self, result=None):
        if result is None: result = self.defaultTestResult()
        result.startTest(self)
        result.addError(self, RemoteError("Cannot run RemotedTestCases.\n"))
        result.stopTest(self)

    def _strclass(self):
        cls = self.__class__
        return "%s.%s" % (cls.__module__, cls.__name__)


00291 class ExecTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
    """A test case which runs external scripts for test fixtures."""

00294     def __init__(self, methodName='runTest'):
        """Create an instance of the class that will use the named test
           method when executed. Raises a ValueError if the instance does
           not have a method with the specified name.
        """
        unittest.TestCase.__init__(self, methodName)
        testMethod = getattr(self, methodName)
        self.script = join_dir(sys.modules[self.__class__.__module__].__file__,
                               testMethod.__doc__)

    def countTestCases(self):
        return 1

    def run(self, result=None):
        if result is None: result = self.defaultTestResult()
        self._run(result)

00311     def debug(self):
        """Run the test without collecting errors in a TestResult"""
        self._run(unittest.TestResult())

    def _run(self, result):
        protocol = TestProtocolServer(result)
        output = subprocess.Popen([self.script],
                                  stdout=subprocess.PIPE).communicate()[0]
        protocol.readFrom(StringIO(output))


00322 class IsolatedTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
    """A TestCase which runs its tests in a forked process."""

    def run(self, result=None):
        if result is None: result = self.defaultTestResult()
        run_isolated(unittest.TestCase, self, result)


00330 class IsolatedTestSuite(unittest.TestSuite):
    """A TestCase which runs its tests in a forked process."""

    def run(self, result=None):
        if result is None: result = unittest.TestResult()
        run_isolated(unittest.TestSuite, self, result)


def run_isolated(klass, self, result):
    """Run a test suite or case in a subprocess, using the run method on klass.
    """
    c2pread, c2pwrite = os.pipe()
    # fixme - error -> result
    # now fork
    pid = os.fork()
    if pid == 0:
        # Child
        # Close parent's pipe ends
        os.close(c2pread)
        # Dup fds for child
        os.dup2(c2pwrite, 1)
        # Close pipe fds.
        os.close(c2pwrite)

        # at this point, sys.stdin is redirected, now we want
        # to filter it to escape ]'s.
        ### XXX: test and write that bit.

        result = TestProtocolClient(sys.stdout)
        klass.run(self, result)
        sys.stdout.flush()
        sys.stderr.flush()
        # exit HARD, exit NOW.
        os._exit(0)
    else:
        # Parent
        # Close child pipe ends
        os.close(c2pwrite)
        # hookup a protocol engine
        protocol = TestProtocolServer(result)
        protocol.readFrom(os.fdopen(c2pread, 'rU'))
        os.waitpid(pid, 0)
        # TODO return code evaluation.
    return result

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